Celiac Disease is an auto immune disease in which the immune system ends up damaging the lining of the small intestine, which is what causes many of the most common symptoms. The symptoms of celiac disease can vary widely. In many cases but not always, the disorder is marked by gastro-intestinal symptoms: Diarrhoea, Abdominal bloating or distension, Abdominal pain, Nausea, Vomiting.Some general symptoms may also be present in individuals with celiac disease like Loss of weight and energy, Loss of appetite, Iron deficiency with anaemia, Osteoporosis, Fertility disorders or miscarriage, Vitamin and/or mineral deficiencies. Digestive symptoms are more common in infants and children. Children with celiac disease usually have a slight build, are weepy and very sensitive. Adults are less likely to have digestive symptoms, with only one-third experiencing diarrhea.
Diarrhea: Celiac disease leads to damage to the lining of the small intestine that triggers digestive symptoms such as diarrhea. Many people have loose, watery stools as the first symptom of celiac disease, though this symptom is similiar in other conditions and cannot be used to diagnose celiac disease whike in combination with other symptoms, however, chronic diarrhea is much relevant.
Constipation: On the other side diarrhea is constipation, another common symptom of celiac disease. When a person with celiac disease consumes gluten, the body starts an autoimmune attack, treating gluten as foreign invaders. In attacking this, the immune cells cause damage to the villi in the small intestine that help in absorbing nutrients from food passing through the digestive tract.
Gas or Bloating: In addition to diarrhea and constipation, other digestive symptoms are gas and bloating. The autoimmune activity which damages the small intestine causes inflammation that result in bloating, along with other digestive issues. Another common symptom of undiagnosed celiac disease is frequent gas.
Changes in Weight: In the early stages of celiac disease when malnutrition becomes a factor, it is not uncommon for patients to drop a lot of weight or to have trouble keeping weight on. This is also a common symptom in children with undiagnosed celiac disease.
Chronic Fatigue: Another common symptom of celiac disease is decreased energy levels or fatigue. Many factors contribute to the fatigue. Numeruno, damage to the lining of the small intestine prevents the body from absorbing nutrients. Second, it leads to iron-deficiency i.e. anemia and may cause chronic fatigue.
Iron Deficiency Anemia: Celiac disease leads to the malabsorption of nutrients, due to its attack on the small intestine . It causes the deficiency of a main nutrient i.e. iron. Iron is required to produce hemoglobin, which is used for making the red blood cells. Iron-deficiency also called anemia causes symptoms including weakness, fatigue, chest pain, and dizziness.
these are the general symptoms that are widespread when it comes to celiac disease, there are many other to consider. Some more symptoms may include short heightedness, tooth decay, canker sores, and even infertility.
Once treatment with strict gluten-free diet is started, the intestine and the villi heals and absorption of nutrients gets better which leads to improvement in the symptoms. And you start getting a healthier lifestyle. So just stick to the GF diet and
Stay Safe, Stay Healthy.
This is my alphabet W for “What are the symptoms of Celiac Disease”, in #BlogchatterA2Z #AprilA2Z in Parenting Tales with A Celiac Child. Do share your experiences as it’s always incredibly beneficial to connect with others who share similar experiences.